Step-by-Step Guide: How to Prepare a Delicious Afang Soup – A Nigerian Delicacy


Afang soup is a delectable and nutritious Nigerian dish that hails from the Efik and Ibibio regions in the southern part of Nigeria. It is a hearty and flavorful soup that combines various ingredients to create a rich and satisfying meal.

In this article, I will take you through the step-by-step guides of preparing Afang soup, including the ingredients needed and the instructions to follow to make this traditional delicacy.


Before we delve into the preparation, let’s gather the essential ingredients for Afang soup. Here’s a list of what you’ll need:

  • Afang Leaves: 200g (Afang leaves are the star of the show, but if you can’t find them, waterleaf, ukazi or spinach can be used as a substitute)
  • 1 cup of Palm Oil
  • Meat or Fish: You can choose between frozen or smoked fish, as well as meat (beef, goat meat, or chicken).
  • Ground Crayfish: 2 tablespoons
  • Scotch Bonnet Peppers: 2-3 (adjust to your preferred spice level)
  • Onion: 1 medium-sized
  • Stockfish and/or Dried Fish (optional)
  • Seasoning Cubes or Powder
  • Salt (to taste)

Cooking Instructions:

1. Prepare the Meat or Fish:

Start by washing and cleaning your choice of meat or fish. If you opt for stockfish or dried fish, soak them in hot water to soften.

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2. Prepare the Afang Leaves:

Chop the Afang leaves finely. If you’re using waterleaf or spinach as a substitute, chop them finely as well. Set them aside for later use.

3. Create the Pepper-Onion Paste:

Blend the scotch bonnet peppers and the medium-sized onion to create a smooth paste.

4. Heat the Palm Oil:

Heat the palm oil in a big pot over medium heat until it becomes clear. Be careful not to overheat the oil as it might become bitter. The clear appearance in the palm oil indicates it is ready for next steps.

5. Add the Pepper-Onion Paste:

Add the blended pepper-onion paste to the heated palm oil. Fry the mixture for a few minutes until it loses its raw taste and the oil is infused with the flavors.

6. Incorporate the Meat or Fish:

Add your meat or fish, as well as stockfish and dried fish (if using), into the pot. Stir the ingredients well and allow them to cook for about 10-15 minutes. This helps the flavors to meld together and the meat or fish to cook partially.

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7. Season the Soup:

Now, add the ground crayfish, seasoning cubes or powder, and salt to the pot. Stir thoroughly to distribute the seasonings evenly throughout the soup.

8. Add Water and Simmer:

At this stage, you  should pour in a reasonable amount of water into the pot, it should be enough to cover the meat or fish, and let it simmer until the meat or fish becomes tender. This process usually takes about 25-30 minutes, depending on the type of meat you are using.

9. Add the Afang Leaves:

Once the meat or fish is tender, it’s time to finally add the finely chopped Afang leaves or your chosen substitute (waterleaf or spinach) stir them into the soup and allow them to wilt. This should take about 5-7 minutes.

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10. Taste and Adjust:

Taste the Afang soup and adjust the seasoning if necessary. If the soup is too thick for your liking, you can add more water to achieve your desired consistency.

11. Serve and Enjoy:

Now that your Afang soup is ready, it’s time to serve this delicious dish. Afang soup is traditionally enjoyed with Nigerian staples such as fufu, eba, pounded yam, or semo. You can also serve it with rice or any other side dish you prefer.


Afang soup is a delightful Nigerian dish that showcases the rich culinary diversity of the country. With its flavorful ingredients and intricate preparation, it offers a unique taste that is sure to satisfy your taste buds.

By following this detailed guide, you can create a homemade Afang soup that rivals the best you’ve ever tasted.

Feel free to adjust the ingredients and seasonings to match your personal preferences and enjoy the wonderful flavors of this Nigerian delicacy.

One Comment on “Step-by-Step Guide: How to Prepare a Delicious Afang Soup – A Nigerian Delicacy”

  1. I’m not sure where you are getting your info, but great topic.
    I needs to spend some time learning more or understanding more.
    Thanks for wonderful information I was looking for this info
    for my mission.

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